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فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ البدل

  البدل

فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ البدل

 وَفِيٌهِ اَبٌحَاثُ:-اَلٌبَحٌثُ الاوّلُ:بَيَانُ مَعٌنَى الٌبَدِلِ لُغَةً وَاِصٌطِلَاحًا

الالف:- اعلم! البدل في اللغة العوض،وفي الاصطلاح البدل هو: التَّابع المقصود بالٌحُكٌمِ بلا

…..واسطة. فالتابع : يشمل جميع التَّوابع ، وبقولنا : المقصود بالحكم 

Download in Arabic فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ البدل

 

wafiunh aabunhathu:-aalunbahunth alawwlu:bayan maeunnaa alunbadil lughatan waisuntilahana:

فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ البدل

alalf:- aelm! albadal fi allughat aleawdi,wafi alaistilah albadal haw: alttabe almaqsud balunhukunm bila wasitat.
faltaabie : yashmal jmye alttawabe , wabiqawlina : almaqsud bialhukm , yakhruj alnaet , waltawkid , waeatif albayan ; li’anaha laysat maqsudat bialhukm , w’innama hi mukamalt lilmaqsud bialhukm , wahu almutabawie wabiqawlina: bila wasitat , yakhruj eatf alnnasq.

li’anah tabae bwastt harf aleatf . waqad yakun min eitf alnnasq ma hu maqsud bialhukm ,kma fi almaetuf b (bla) w(lknun) wdhlk baed al’iithbat , nahw : ja’ zyd bal emrunw , falmaqsud bialhukm wahu almaji’ ( emrunw ) walakunah tabae bwastt harf aleatf ( bal );amma albadal fahu maqsud bialhukm bila wasitat , nahw : ja’ ‘akhuk mhmd . fmhmd : bdl maqsud bialhukm wahu nisunbt almaji’ ‘iilayh bila wastat baynah wabayn mutabawieih ‘akhuk.فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ البدل

ba

algharad aldhy yuqsiduh almutakalim min al’iityan fi kalamih bialbadal, baed dhakarah almubadil minh; hu ‘iifadat tawkid alhukmi, wataqririhi, bwastt dhakar alaism maqsudanaan bialhukm, baed ‘an yutia, wamahd lidhalik, bialtasrih bitilk alnisbat ‘iilaa ma qablaha; ‘alaa taraa ‘anak hin taqul: “aeajabni al’ustadh eilmha”, waqad dhakarat alaism alththani maqsudanaan lika, binisbat alhukm ‘iilayhi, baed ‘an dhakarat hdha alhukm masrahanaan binisbatihi, ‘iilaa alaism al’uwla; fakint kaman dhakralahakum walmahkum ealayh murtayna;whdhahualsrfi qawlhima:”albadul fi hukm takriraleaml”.

aalunbahunth althani:- bayan ‘aqunsam albdl

waqunsam albadal ‘arunbaeat : badal alkull min alkull , wahu ma madunluluh madunlul almatunbue nahunwu:ja’ani zayund akhuka, wabadal albaeund min alkull , whu , ma madunluluh juz’ madlwl almatunbuei, nahunwu:drabt zydana rasuhu,wabadal alashtimal , whw ma madunluluh mutaealliq almatunbuei, ksulib zayund thawunbuh ,wabadal alghalat whu ma yudhunkar baeund alghalat , nhunwu:ja’ani zayund jaeunfarun, wra’ayunt rjlaan himaraan.
aalalf:-aelm!an albadal ealaa arbet ‘anwae , hi.

1– badal kull min kull , wyusamma albdl alunmutabiq ; li’anah matabiq llmbdal minh , wmusaw lah fi almaenaa , nahw : marirat bi’akhik zyd , wanahw : zurunh khaldaan . fkhaldaan : bdl matabiq min ( alha’ ) fi ( zurunh ) waminh qawlah taealaa :* fusrat aldhyn: bdl matabiq min alsirat almustaqim ; li’ana alsirat almustaqim , wasirat alunmununeam ealayhim mutatabaqan fi almaenaa , fhmaan yadulaan ealaa maenaa wahid ;فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ البدل

2– bdl baeund min kull . wyushtrt ‘an yakun albadal jz’ana haqiqiaan min almubadil minhu, wa’an yakun fi albadal damir yaeud ‘iilaa almubadil minh madhkur fi alkalam , nahw: aklt alrghyf thuluthah , waqad yakun aldamir mqddaraan , nahw qawlah taealaa : * f (man ) bdl min ( alnaas ) waltaqdir ( man astatae minhum ) ;

3– bdl alashuntimal . wahu ‘an yakun albadal shyyaan mimma yashtamil ealayh almbdal minh. wyushtrt ‘ala yakun albadal jz’aan haqiqiaan min almbdal minh , wa’an yashtamil ealaa damir yaeud ‘iilaa almbdal minh , nahw : ‘aejabani zyd eilunmuh . felmuh: bdl aishtimal min (zyd) li’ana zydaan yashtamil ealaa ‘ashya’ kathirat minha : aleilunm ,waminh qawlah taealaa : * fqital : bdl aishtimal min alshahr alharam ;

4– albdl alunmubayinu: wahu qasmana:- a- bdl al’idunrab , wyusamma bdl : albada’ ( ‘ay : alzzuhwr ) walmarad : zuhur alssawab baed khafayih , walmaenaa: ‘an yakun almubadil minh walbudal maqsudin qasundaan sahihanaan, nahw : safir balqtar balsyart , faqad qasad almutakalim ‘ana yansih almkhatab balssafr bialqitar , thuma bada lah an alssafr bialsayaarat ‘afdal , fa’adunrab ean alqitar ‘iilaa alsayara . ba:- bdl alghalat , walmaenaa: ‘an yakun almtklm qasad ‘an yadhunkur albadal lknnh ghlt fadhakir ( almubadil minh ) ftnbbah ‘iilaa ghaltih fadhakir albadal nahw : aklt khubzaan tmraan , fant dhkrt khbzaan wahu ghyr maqsud walakuna sabaq allisan ‘iilaa dhikrh , thuma sahhahunt wadhakart almaqsuda, wahu albadal tmraan ;فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ البدل

b

hunak qisunm thalith , hu : bdl alnasunyan , waqad jaealah alnaazim , wakathir min alnihwiin mae bdl alghult , fialbdl almabayin eindahum qusman faqat .wahu fi haqiqatih kubadal alghult , walfarq baynahuma : ‘ana alghalat ytellaq biallisan , ‘amaa alnasyan fytellaq balunjanan alqalunb nahw: salit alzhr alesr fi almasjid alnnabawya, fa’ant dhakarat alzuhr lays ghultana mink , bal nisyana , thuma tdhkkrt alsawab , wahu aleusr.

ja:- wayakunan zahirina, wamudamarayn wamukhtalifina, wala yubadil zahir min mudamar bdl alkul, ‘iilaa man alghayib nahw: darabatah zaydanaan, hadhih qismatan ‘ukhraa lil’abdal al’arbaeati, wahi bhdha alaietibaru, ‘aydaan, stt eushra: fihadhih qismat albadl biaietibar al’azhar wal’admari, watilk kanat biaietibar altaerif waltankiri.

d:- ‘amthaluh alkulu min alkl: a- wahuma mzhran: bazid ‘akhiyk, wa’iidha kana mudamarayn: fanahw: laqiatahum ‘iiahum, ‘iidha taqadam lifaza alzaydayni, wa’iikhwatika, wakan alziydun ‘iikhwat almakhatibi, nahw: ja’ani alziydun ‘iikhwatik , walnihuiun yuridun fi hadha alqam nhw: zayd darbatih ‘iiah, wahu takid lifaziin lirujueihima ‘iilaa shay wahid, waqad aitafaquu klhm fi mthl: (askn ‘ant wazawjuk aljn) , ealaa ‘ana (anat) takid, wakadhaan fy: mararat bik ‘ant, wabih hw, fkdhlk huna.فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ البدل

 

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