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فِي التنويرالاسم

 

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فِي التنويرالاسم

فصٌلٌ :- فِي التنويرالاسم كَانَ وَأخَواتِهَا

فصٌل فِي التنويرالاسم كَانَ وَأخَواتِهَا، وَهِيَ : صَارَ ، وأَصٌبَحَ ، وأَمٌسَى وَأَضٌحَى ، وظَلَّ ، وبَاتَ ، ورَاحَ ، وآضَ ، وعَادَ ، وعَدا ، ومَا زالَ ، ومَا بَرِحَ …….

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fsunl :- fi tanunwiunrialaisunm kan wakhawatiha

فِي التنويرالاسم

fsunl aisunm kan wakhawatiha, wahi : sar , w’asunbah , w’amunsaa wa’adunhaa , wzall , wbat , wrah , wad , wead , weada , wma zal , wma barih , wma fty wma anfakk , wma dam , wlayuns , fhdhih alafuneal tadunkhul aydaan eala almubuntada walkhabari,fatarunfae almubtd’awysma asunm kana,watanunsib alkhabara,wyusma lkhbrkan f’ism kan huunalmsnd ‘ilyh beddkhulha, nahunwu: kan zyd qaymana.

wfih abunhathun:- aalunbahunth alunaawwlu:- bayan ‘aqunsam alkhabarikan wa’akhunwatiha:

alalf:- aelm! ‘anah lamaa faragh almusanaf rahimah allah taealaa ean bayan khabara’iin wakhiwatiha sharae fi aism kan wakhwatiha. walam ydhikralshikh abn alhajib rahimah allah taealaa aism kan fi almarfueat ealaa hidat, li’anah aidrujah fi alfaeil li’anah faeil eindah walays mulhaq bih wadhahab bed alnahat ‘iilaa ‘anah mulhiq bialfaeil walays bifaeil li’iintifa’ ma yalzam alfaeil fih ,wahu tamam alkalam bih waikhtarih almusanaf rahimah allah taealaa falam yudrijuh fi alfaeil bal dhakarah ealaa hidat ;whadhah al’afeal la فِي التنويرالاسمtatimu bialfaeil mansub

nem bed hadhih al’afeal fi bed al’ahwal tatimu bialfaeil wahdah ,nhu: kan mtr ,whnyyidh tujyiy kan bimaenaa hasal ,watusamaa kan tamatan ,waqad yakun zidatan li’ana maenaa aljumlat ytmu biduniha waqad dhakar abn esfwr ‘anaha tuzadibayn alshayiyiyn almutalazimin :kalmubtada wakhabrah , nhw: zayd kan qayim ,walfiel wamarfueuh ,nhw: lm yujad kan mthlk-,walsilat walmusul,nhw: ja’ aldhy kan ‘akramatuh , walsifat walmuswf ,nhw: murarat birajl kan qayim waghyrha

tanqasim hadhih al’afeal min jihat aleamal ‘iilaa thlatht aqsam:aliqism al’awl:ma yaemal hdha aleamal ,wahawrfae alaism wanasib alkhabar bishart taqadam miaalmasdriat alzarfiat ealayh ,wahufeil wahid ,wahu dam ; walqism alththani : ma yaemal hdha aleamal bishart ‘an yataqadam ealayh nafy ,waistafha ma,’uwnhi ,wahu arbet ‘afeal , wahi : zal , w anfika,w fati, w barah , walqism althaalitha: ma yaemal hadhaaleamal bighirshrt ;whu thmanyt فِي التنويرالاسم’afeal,wahi albaqi.

tanqasim ‘aydaan hadhih al’afeal min jihat altasaruf ‘iilaa thlatht ‘aqsam :alqism al’awl: ma ytsrf fi alfieliat tasrifa kamila, bimaenaa ‘anah yati minh almadaa walmadarie wal’amr , wahu sbet afeal , wahi kana, wa’umsaa , wa’asbah , wa’adhaa , wzl, wabat, wasar; walqism alththani : ma ytsrf tasrufaan naqsaan , bimaenaa ‘anah yati minh almadi walmadarie lays ghyr , wahu’arbaeat ‘afeal , wahi : fati , wainfak , wabarah , wazal ; walqism althalth: ma laytasrif ‘aslaan , wahu faelan : ahd huma lays aitifaqanaan, walththani dam ealaa alash , waghiralmadi min hadhih al’afeal yaemal eamal almadi , nahwuquluh taealaa :{ wlayzalwn mkhuntlfiunn },{ ln nabrah elih eakifiunn },{ tallh tfunta tdhkruyuunsfu}.
aalunbahunth alththani:- bayan hukunm kaan wa’akhunwatiha:

wayajuzu: fi alkull taqundim akhunbarha ealaa ‘asunmayiha,nahunw :kan qayimaanzyd ,wealaa nafuns alafuneal aydana fi altset alawwl nhuun:qayimaan kan zid, wala yajuz dhlik fi ma awwaluhu(ma) fala yuqal :qayimaan ma zal zyd , wafi layuns ,khilaf . wabaqi alkalam fi hdhih alafuneal yajyy fi alqisunm alththani ‘in sha’ allh taeala.

aelm!’anh yajuzafi alkulu taqdim ‘akhbaraha ealaa aismayiha nahw kan qaymaan zayd yaeni hasil alqawl fi hdha almwdwe ana likhabar فِي التنويرالاسمkan wa’akhawatiha stt ahwal
al’uwl:- wujub altaakhiri, wdhlk fi mas’alatayn , ‘iihdahuma :’ana yakun ‘iierab alaism walkhibirijmiea ghyrzahr, nahukan sadiqi eadwi,wthanyhma: ‘an yakun alaism mahsuraan fi alkhabar nhw:qwlh taealaa :{wama kan salatuhum eind albayt ‘iilaa muka’ w tasadu y} walmka’: altasfir, waltsdyt: altasfiq ;a w nahw:’iinama

kan alnaas ‘aeda’aan lamaa yajhalun 

althaani:- wujub altawasut bayn aleamil waismih ,wadhalik finuhuqulk:yejbnaa ‘an yakun fi aldarsahbiha;fila yajuz fi hadha almithal ta khayr alkhabar ean alaism ; lialaa yulzim minh eawad aldamir ealaa muta’akhir lufza waratibata,kuma liayjuz ‘an yataqadam alkhabar ealaa ‘ana almasdariat lialaa yulzim taqdim maemul alsilat ealaa almawsuli, falam yabq ‘iilaa tawasut hdha alkhabar ealaa ma dhakarna.
althalth:- wujub altaqadum ealaa alfiel waismih jamieaan,wdhlk fima ‘iidha kan alkhabar mimaa lah alsadarat kasim alaistifham ,nhw: ‘ayn kan zyd?

alrabe:- aimtinae alta’akhuriein alaism ,mae jwazaltwst bayn alfiel waismih ‘awaltaqdim ealayhima,wdhlk fima ‘iidha kan alaism mutsilaan bidamir yaeawadaealaa bed alkhabri,walum yakun thmt manie min altaqdim ealaa alfiel ,nahaw:kan fi aldaar sahibuha ,wakan ghulam hund baealha, yajuzan taqul dhlk ,waliayjuz ‘an taqul : fi aldaar kan sahibuha ,waghalam hind kan baeliha binusb ghulam waliayjuzfi almathalayn altaakhir ean alasm.

alkhamsa:- aimtinae altaqadum ealaa alfiel waismih jamieaan,mae jawaztawsath baynahuma ‘awtakhuruh eanhuma,nihu: hal kan zayd sadiyqk- ? fafaa hdha almithal yajuzuhdha ,wayujuza- hal kan sadiquk zayd- walayjwztqdim alkhabar ealaa hal ; li’an hl laha sidralikalam ,walatawsituh bayn hal walfiel ; li’ana alfasl baynahuma ghayrajayiz.
alsaadsa:- juazalamuralithlathat nhw: kan zayd sadiyqik yajuzfih dhlk kama yajuz ‘an tqwl :sdyqk kan zid, wa’an taqul : kan sadiqk zid,binisb alsdiq.tdbr.

fasunl:- fi tashunriunh alunaisunm ma,wla almushabbahatayunn bilayuns

(fasunl aisunm ma,wla almushabbahatayunn bilayuns wahualmusunnd ‘ilyunh beddkhulhuma nahunwu: ma zayund qayimaan , la rajul ‘afundal manunka, wayukhuntass ( la ) فِي التنويرالاسم.bialnnakirt wyem (ma)balmerft walnnakirti.

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