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فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ الحال- التميز

 

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فَصٌل- فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ الحال- فِي تَوٌضِيٌحِ التميز

فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ الحال

وَفِيٌهِ أَبحَاثٌ:-الٌبَحٌثُ الاوّلُ:- بَيَانُ الحال وَأقٌسِامِهِ 

الالف:- إعلم! ان المصنف رحمه الله تعالى لمّا فرغ عن بيان أصل المنصوبات وهي

المفاعيل الخمسة شرع في بيان ملحقا تها، فقال فصل الحال ……إلخ

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fasunl:- fi tahunqiunq alhal:

فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ الحال

(fasunl:- alunhal lafunz yadull ealaa bayan hayunyat alfaeil , aw almafuneul bih , aw kilayunhima,nahunwu:ja’any zyd rakibaan, wadrbt zydaan mshdwdaan,walaqiunt emrwaan rakibayunni,.wqd yakuunn alfaeil maeunnwyaannhwzid fi alddar qayimaan,lan maeunnah zid ‘istqr fi alddar qayimaan wakdhaalmafuneuunl bih nahunwu: hadha zyd qayimaan fa’inn maeunnah almushar ‘ilyunh qayimaan hu zydun,

waleamil fi alhal fieunl ,aw maeunna fieunl; walhal nakirat ‘abadaan,wadhw alhal maeunrfat ghalibaan,kama ra’ayunt fi al’amunthilat alunmadhunkuunrat , fa’in kan dhualhal nakiratan yjab taqundim alhal ealayunh , nahunwu:ja’ani rakibaan rajul , liala taluntabis bialssift fi halat alnnasunb fi mithunl qawunlika: ra’ayunt rajulaan rakibaan waqad tkun alhal jumunlatan khabariatan ,

nahunwu: ja’ani zayund waghulamuh rakib aw yarkab ghulamuh ,mthunal maakaan eamilaha maeunna alfieunl , nahunwu:hadha zid qayimaan, maeunnah ‘unabbih wa’ushyr, waqad yuhundhaf aleamil liqyam qarinat kama taqul lilmusafiri:salimaan ghanimaan, ‘ay tarunjie salimaan ghanimaan.

wafiunh ‘abhathun:-alunbahunth alawwlu:- bayan alhal waqunsiamihi:

alalf:- ‘ielm! ‘ana almusanaf rahimah allah taealaa lmma faragh ean bayan ‘asl almansubat wahi almafaeil alkhmst sharae fi bayan mulhaqaan tha, faqal fasl alhal ‘ilkh:- qadamah ealaa altamayuz likawniha ‘aqrab ‘iilaa alfel, falhal fi allughat : ma ealayh al’iinsan min khir’uwshr, wahufi aistilah alnahati:eibarat ean allafaz yadulu ‘ilkh:- yaeni hwebart ean alaism , alfadlat, almansub, almufasrulima ainbihim min alhayyat .فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ الحال

wqwlna: al’iism, yashmal alsarih mithl dahikaan, fi qawlik ja’ zayd dahka;wyshml almuuwal bialsarih mthl: yadhak fi qawlik: ja’ zayd yadhak ,f’innh fi tawil qawlik dahka.wqwlna: alfadlat, menah ‘anah lays juz’aan min alkalam ; fakharaj bih alkhabr. waqulana: almansub kharaj bih almarfue walmjrwr. wa’iinama yunsab alhal balfel ‘uwshabah alfiel: kasim alfaeil, walmasdaru,walzarfa, waisim al’ishar.wqulna : almufasaruluma ainbihum min alhayyati, menah ‘ana alhal yufsruma khafiin waistutr min sifat dhwyi aleaql ‘uwghirahum .

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‘aqsamuh: annh qad yakun bayanaan lisifat alfaeil ,nhw: ja’ eabdallah rakibaan ,’uwbianaan lisifat almafeul bih nahw: rakbat alfaras musrijaan ,waqad yakun muhtamalaan lil’amrayn jamieaan nahw: laqiat eabdallah rakiba.nem kama yaji’ alhal min alfaeil walmafeul bih fa’iinah yaji’ min alkhabri, nhw: ‘ant sadiqiun mukhlisanaan , waqad yaji’ min aljrurbihrif aljir, nhw: murarat bihind rakibat, waqad yaji’ min almajrur bial’iidafat,nhw: qawlah taealaa {ana atbae millt ‘ibunrahiunm haniunfana}, fhnyfa: hal min ‘iibrhim , wa’iibrahim mjrwrbalftht niabatan ean alkusrat , wahumijrurb’iidafat millt, ‘iilayh ( ealayh alsalat walsalam).

falmurad bhyat alfaeil aem min ‘an yakun hyat nafsih nhw: ja’zydrakba,awmtelqh nhw: ja’ zayd rakibaan abwh, wa’aeamu min ‘an yakun muhaqaqatan ‘uwmaqdaratan flayshkl biqawlih taealaa {fadunkhuluunha khalidiunna}, fa’iina dukhulihim aljanat lays fi hal khuludihim bal hal taqdir alkhulud lahum wataqriruhu, wamathal hdha yusamaa halamqdrat , wa’aeamu min ‘an yakun dayimatan ‘uwghirdayima

wal’uwl: almuakidat ,walthany: almuntaqilat ,wa’ueim min ‘an yubayin alhayyat min nafs alhayyat altarkubiat ‘awmae jwhralklmt , walawwl mithl :ja’ zayd walshams talieatan fa’iina alhayyat alhaliat tadulu ealaa mqarnt alfaeil litulue alshams ,
walthaani: mithl, ja’ zayd rakibaan fa’iina alrukub yafham min nafs lifazi alrukub wakunuh fi alaitisaf bialhathyithat min alhayyaat altarkabiat wa’aydaan almurad bialfaeil ‘awalimafeul bih ‘aeamu min ‘an yakun hqyqt kama fi ‘amthilat alkitab ‘awhukama fayadkhul fih alhal ean almafeul maeah likawnih fi maenaa alfaeil ‘awalimafeul bih ,wakadha alhal ean almafeul almutlaq nihw:dribt darbaan shadidanaan fa’iinah ‘ahdathat aldarb shadidanaan, wakadha yadkhul fih alhal ean almudafi ‘iilayh ‘iidha almadafu faeilaan ‘uwmifeula bih yasihu hadhifuh waqiam almudafi ‘iilayh maqamuh faki’anah alfaeil awalmafeul bih kama marfi (hnifa) faelam dhalik.فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ الحال

alunbahunth althani:- bayan eamil alhal:

wqd yakuunn alfaeil maeunnwyaan nhwzid fi alddar qayimaan , lan maeunnah zid ‘istqr fi alddar qayimaan wakdhaalmafuneuunl bih nahunwu: hadha zyd qayimaan fa’inn maeunnah almushar’ilyunh qayimaan hu zydun, waleamil fi alhal fieunl ,aw maeunna fieunl
alalf:- qdykwn alfaeil maenawiaan, yuenaa qad yakun faeiluh maenawiaan bimaenaa maykun eamilih maenawiaan, waleamil almaenawiu malaykun masrahaan walamiqdiraan fi nazam alkalam wamantuqih bal yafham min fuhawii alkalam yetbrlsht alhaliat eind alshsharih rahimah allah taealaa, waeind almusanaf rahimah allah taealaa malaykun lah hisatan fi allafz muqadiraan kan ‘uwmstfada min alghyr falmuqdir eamil maenawiin eind almusanaf rahimah allah taealaa liedm husatih fi allfaz ,

walifuzi eind alshsharih rahimah allah taealaa ‘idhalmqdr eindah lifazii kmalaykhfa ela ahl aleilm nahw:zyd fi aldarqayima ,l’an maeanah zayd aistaqrafay aldarqayma, fayakun qayimanaan halaan min faeil maenawiin wahualidmir almustakin fi alzarf li’ana aldamir almustakan malfuz hukmaan, waeamaluh ‘aydaan malfuz hukmanaan li’ana almutaealiq almuqadar min qubayl almalfuz alhukmii hdha mithal mahali al’iikhtilaf ‘ay lfuzay eind alshsharih rahimah allah taealaa wamaenawiun eind almusanaf rahimah allah taealaa .فِي تَحٌقِيٌقِ الحال

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