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الفعل اللازم والمتعدي

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الفعل اللازم والمتعدي
 فَصٌل- فِعٌلُ المَجٌهُولِ  فَصٌل:- فِي الفعل اللازم والمُتَعَدِّي فَصٌل:- أَفٌعالُ القُلُوب
إعلم !أن المنصف رحمه الله تعالى لما فرغ عن بيان المجزوم عامله،شرع في بيان فعل مالم يسم فاعله فقال

fasunl:- fi alfiel alllazim walmutaeaddi

الفعل اللازم والمتعدي 
wafiunh aabunhathun:-aalunbahunth alunaawwli:- bayan fieunl almajunhuli:

alalf

‘iielam !’ana almansif rahimah allah taealaa lamaa faragh ean bayan almajzum eamilih,shre fi bayan faeal malim yasim faeilh faqal fsl:fel malim yasim faeilh aah yaeni ‘ana altebyrbnayb alfaeil ‘ahsan min altaebirib(almfewlaldhy lm yasim faeilh) li’anah ‘akhsara, wali’ana alnnayib ean alfaeil la yulzim ‘an yakun mfewlaan bih faqad yanub الفعل اللازم والمتعديghiraha,

kialzarf waljar walmajrur walmasdiri, kama sayati ‘in sha’ allh. fa’iidha ‘urid hadhaf alfaeil ligharad lifaziin ‘aw muenaway, tartubu ealaa hadhfih ‘amrana: al’awala: taghyir sighat alfiel .althany: ‘iiqamat nayib eanhi, yahilu mahalihu, wayakhudh kthyraan min ‘ahkamih fi bab alfaeil wahay:1- ‘anah yurfe. 2- ‘an yata’akhar ean eamilihi, fala yajuz taqadumah ealayhi. 3- ‘anah yakun eumdatan wjz’aan asasyaan fi aljamilati. 4- tanith eamilih ahyanaan. 5- tajrid eamilah min ealamat tathniat ‘aw jame. ‘iilaa ghyr dhlk mimaa yakhudhh alnnayib ean alfaeila.

w yunawb almafeul bih ean alfaeil fima aistaqara lah min al’ahkami, muthla: nil khayr nayil wal’asla: nal almsthq khyr nayil, walnaayil walnuwal hu aleuta’u, walmarad huna: alshay’ almaetaa; li’anah tamthil li’iinabat almafeul bihi, la li’iinabat almasdar.
ba:- falaighrad alty tadeu almutakalim ‘iilaa hadhf alfaeil kathirat jidana, walakunaha ealaa kathratiha la takhlu min ‘an sababaha ‘imma ‘an yakun shayyanaan lifaziana ‘aw maenwya;

1-fa’ama al’asbab allafaziat fkthyrt: minha alqisad ‘iilaa alaiijaz fi aleabbarat nahw qawlah taealaa: {feaqabuu bimithl ma euqibtum bh}), waminha almuhafazat ealaa alsijae fi alkalam almanthur nahw qawlihim: min tabat sariratah hamadat sirth, ‘iidh law qil ” hamd alnaas siratah ” liaikhtalaf ‘iierab alfasilatayni,

waminha almuhafazat ealaa alwazn fi alkalam almanzumi, kama fi qawl alaeshaa maymun abn qys: ealqatuha eurdaan, waealaqat rajulaan ghiri, waealaq ‘ukhraa ghyrha alrajul fa’ant taraa alaieshaa qad banaa ” ealaq ” fi hadha albayt thlath marrat lilmajhuli, li’anah law dhakar alfaeil fi kli marat minha ‘aw fi bedha lamaa aistaqam lah wazn albayti, waltaeliq hahnaa: almahabat, waearada: ay min ghyr qasad manaa, walakun earadat li fahawiataha.

2-wa’amma al’asbab almaenuitufkthyrt:minhakun alfaeil maelumallimakhatib hataa liaihtaj ‘iilaa dhakarah lih,wdhlk nhwqwlh teala:(khlq al’iinsan min eijal)waminha kawnuh majhulaan lilmutakalim fahu la yastatie taeyinih lilmakhatib walays fi dhakarah biwasf mafhum min alfiel fayidat wdhlk kama taqul: saraq mataei, lank la taerif dhat alssariq, walays fi qawlik ” saraq allasi mataei ” fayidat zayidat fi alaifham ealaa qawlik ” saraq الفعل اللازم والمتعديmataei ”

waminha raghbat almutakalim fi alaibham ealaa alssamiei, kqwlk: tasadaq bi’alf dinarin, waminha raghbat almutakalim fi ‘iizhar taezimih lilfaeila: bisun aismuh ean ‘an yujri ealaa lisanih, ‘aw busunuh ean ‘an yuqtaran bialmafeul bih fi aldhakri, kuquluka: khalaq alkhinazir,

waminha raghbat almutakalim fi ‘iizhar tahqir alfaeil bisun lisanih ean ‘an yujri bidhikrihi, waminha khawf almutakalim min alfaeil fayaerid ean dhakarah lialaa yanaluh minh makruhu, waminha khawf almutakalim ealaa alfaeil fayaerid ean aismih lialaa yamasuh ahd bimakruh.

aalunbahunth althuani:- bayan ‘iinabat ean alunfaeili:

wa’uqim almafuneul bih maqamah ,

alalf :- aelm! ‘iiqamat nayib eanh yahilu mhllah, wayakhdae lkthyr min ‘ahkamih waladhi yuslih lilniyabat ean alfaeil wahid min arbet ‘ashya’: almafeul bih: faqad dhakarna fi al’awal altawdihi. ‘amaa althlatht albaqiat fashartha ‘an takun qabilat lilniyabat. falzurf الفعل اللازم والمتعدي.yuslih lilniyabat ean alfaeil bashirtayn:

al’uwla: ‘an yakun mtsrfaan, wahu ma yakhruj ean alnusub ealaa alzarfiat waean aljari b(minun) ‘iilaa alta’athur bialeawamil almukhtalifat ka: zaman wawaqt wasaeatan wayawm waghiraha. bikhilaf (shara) ‘iidha ‘urid bih sihr yawm bieaynihi, wa(einudaka) li’ana al’awal mulazim lilnusb ealaa alzarfiati, walththani mulazim lilnasb ‘aw aljari biman fala yuslih ‘an yakun nayib faeil.

alshart althaani: ‘an yakun alzarf mkhtsaan, walmarad bialaikhtisas huna: ‘an yazad ealaa maenaa alzarfiat maenaa jadid liazawalidh alghumud wal’iibham ean mueanahi, wdhlk ‘iimaa biwasf ‘aw ‘iidafat ‘aweilmiat wanahuha, mathla: sim ywm alkhamiis, juls wqt tawil, saym rmdanu.

b

‘amaa almasdar waism almasdar fayuslih lilniyabat bishartayn – aydaan -:
al’uwla: ‘an yakun mtsrfaan, wahu ma yakhruj ean alnusub ealaa almasdariat ‘iilaa alta’athur bialeawamil almukhtalifati, nahw: akunl, kitabat, fahunm, julus, waghirha.
bikhlaf: (meadh allaha) fa’iinah masdar miymi mansub bifiel mahdhuf ‘ay: ‘aeudh biallah meadhaan, lakunah lm yashtahir astiemalah ean alearab ‘iilaa mnswbaan mdafaan fala yaqae nayib faela; lialaa yakhruj eamaa aistaqara lah fi lisan alearab. wanahw: subhan allh. fahu aism masdar mansub bifiel mahdhuf ‘ay: ‘asbah allah subhana, walam tastaemilh alearab ‘iilaa mnswbaan mdafaan الفعل اللازم والمتعديfi al’aghlab.

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