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بَيَانُ مَعٌنىَ النعت، واَقٌسَامِهِ

النعت

 

 فِي تَوٌضِيٌحِ النعت

 وَفِيٌهِ اَبٌحَاثٌ:-اَلبَحٌثُ الَاوّلُ:بَيَانُ مَعٌنىَ النعت، واَقٌسَامِهِ:

الالف:- إعلم! أن التابع: هوالذي يكمل متبوعه، بدلالته على معنى فيه ،هذا إذا كان نعتا

….حقيقيا؛ وهو: ما يدل على معنى في نفس منعوته؛ أو ما هو في حكمه

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fi tawundiunh alnaet

wafiunh aabunhathun:-aalbahunth alawwlu:bayan maeunna alnaeti, waaqunsamihi:

alalf:- bialmutabawe.fakhrj biqid altakmila: alnisaq walbadal li’anahuma lm yuqsad bihima ‘aslaan takmil mutbaweihima, la bi’iidah, wala takhsis.wabaqid aldalalat almadhkurata: albayan waltawkid li’anahuma la yadlan ealaa sifat wamaenaa fi mutabaweihima, wala fima yataealaq biha; fa’iinahuma eayan mutabawieahuma fhma yukmilan bial’iidah warafae alaihtimal.

falttabie hualasim almusharik lamaa qablahu, fi ‘iierabih alhasil walmutajadidu, walays khubra. wamaenaa qawlana: “alhasil walmtjdd”: ‘anah kulama taghayar ‘iierab alaism alssabiqi, bsbb taghayar altarakib yataghayar alaism alllahiq binafs altghayr; fakharaj bdhlk: khabar almubtada; li’anah law taghayar almubtada bi’an dakhalat ealayh ‘iina ‘aw ‘ihda ‘akhuatiha, lm yataghayar alkhabar binafs taghayurihi, فِي تَوٌضِيٌحِ النعت

wakharaj minh almafeul alththany; li’anah law taghayar ‘iierab almafeul al’awali, bi’ana sar nayib fael; libina’ alfiel lilmajhuli, lm yataghayar almafeul alththani kadhalika; wakharaj minh alhal almansuba; li’anah law taghayar ‘iierab dhlk alaism almansuba; aldhy hu sahib alhali, ‘iilaa alrafe ‘aw aljari lm yataghayar maeah ‘iierab alhali.

waqawlana: “wlis khabra”: mukhrij lilkhabr althaani, fima ‘iidha taeadadat al’akhbara; nahu: “alrman halu hamdan” hadha, wala yafsil bayn alttabie walmutabawie bi’ajnabiin mahad eanh wayajuz bimaemul alwasf; nahw qawlah taealaa: {dhalik hashunr ealayunna yasirun}; wabimaemul almawswf; nhw: yaejibuni dirbuk zydana alshdydu; wabieamil almutabawe; nahw: almarid ‘ukrimat aljariha; wabimaemul aleamil; kuqulih taealaa: {subunhan alllah eamma yasifun ealim alunghayunbi}; فِي تَوٌضِيٌحِ النعت

wabimafsir aleamila; nahaw; {‘iin amunru halak layuns lah waladun} wabialastithna’a; wabialqusma; wabijawabiha; kuqulih taealaa: {balaa warabbi latauntiannakum ealim alunghayunbi}; wabialaetirada; kaqulih subhanah wataealaa: {wa’innah laqasam law taeunlamun eazimun}… ‘iilkhun. wala yahuz taqdim alttabie ealaa almutabawe.

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alqism al’awal yatabie mutabawieuh fi eshrt aishya’a, yaeni tajb muafaqat alnuet lamaa qablih fima hu mwjwd fih min ‘awajah al’iierab althalathat, wamin altaerif waltankir , taqwl: “jaa’ani zayd alealm” wa”r’ayt zaydaan alealama” wa”mrart bazid alealama” wa”ja’ani rajul ealmin”, kadhlik.li’ana almukhalafat fi dhalik tajeal alshay’ maeinanaan, waghayr mueayan fi waqt wahidin, wayashtarik fi almuafaqat fima taqadam alnaet mtlqa; haqyqya, ‘aw sababiaan.

waqad ‘ajaz al’akhfsh naet alnakrat bialmuerifati; bishart ‘an takun alnakrat mukhasasatan busfa; wamathal biqawlih taealaa: {fakharan yaquman maqamahuma min alladhin asuntahaqq ealayunhim alun’awunlayani}; fajaeal “alawlian” almaerif bi”‘al” sifat la”akharan” mae ‘anah nakratun, wasawgh dhlk eindah kawnuh mawsufana bialjar walmajrur ghira’ana ma dhahab ‘iilayh al’akhfashu, ghayrmuslam liha, wama mithl bih liaylzam li’anah yajuz ‘iierab “aliawlian” badalaan min “akharana”, ‘aw khubranaan limubtada mahdhuf; waltaqdir: huma al’awlyan; waqad aistathnaa kthyr min alnahat alaism almuhlaa bi”‘al” aljinsiatu; fa’iinah liqarbih min alnakrati, فِي تَوٌضِيٌحِ النعت

yajuz naeatah bialnakrata; kama qaluu: ‘iina jumlat alfiel almudarie fi mahali jari sifat lilmahlaa bi”al” fi qawl alshaaeir: walaqad ‘amr ealaa allayiym yusbani fimadit thmt qult la yaenini, wamaeluman: ‘ana aljumlat nakaratan; wamin la yuqaru dhalika, yajeal jumlatan “ysibni”: hala min allayiym almuhlaa bi”‘ala” aljinsiatu, ghyr ‘ana almaenaa yabah ‘iilaa bitakaluf zahir.

wa’amaa al’iifrad waltathniat waljame waltadhkir waltaanitha; fa’iin rafae alwasf damir almawsuf almustatr wafaqah fiha,wahinayidh, takmul lah almuafaqat fi arbet min eishrata; wahadha hu alnaet alhqyqy.ka”ja’tny aimra’at karaymat, warajalan kariman, warijal karam”, wakadhalik “ja’tani amrat krymt alabi” ‘aw “krymt abana,alwsf fi hadha almathali, wama baedahu, jarun ealaa ghyr min hualiha; waqad hawl al’iisnad ean alzzahir ‘iilaa damir almawsufi, wayajr alzaahira; bial’iidafati, ‘iin kan muerifatun, wayunasib ealaa altamyiz, ‘iin kan nakratu. wa”ja’ani rajulan karimana al’aba”, ‘aw “kriman ‘abaa”, wa”jaa’ani rjal kram alabi” ‘aw “kram abana”; li’ana alwasf fi dhalik klh rafie damir almawsuf almustatr ‘ay: ‘asalat, فِي تَوٌضِيٌحِ النعت

‘aw tahwilana, walam yarfae alsababi; wa’iidha kan alnuet mimaa yastawi fih almudhakir walmuanithu; kalmasdar ghyr almaymi, wasiaghni “feayl” wa”feula”, ‘aw kan ‘afeal tafdil mujaradanaan, ‘aw madafanaan linakrati, lm yutabiq almineawat fi altaanithi, waltathniati, waljamaea: bal yulzim al’iifrad, waltadhkir. wa’iidha kan sifat lijame ma la yaeqilu; ewml mueamalat almuanathat almufradat, ‘aw aljame; nhw: {‘ayaamana maeundudatan}, w{‘ayaamana maeundudatin}.

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‘iina rafae alzzahir ‘aw aldamir albariz ‘uety hakam alfiela; fiajrud min ealamat altathniati, waljamei, ealaa allughat alfushaa, wayuetabar hala marfueat fi altaanith waltdhkir; swa’ ‘akan almineawt kadhalik, ‘am la; wahadha hu alnuet alsababiu, wala yutabiq maneawatah ‘illa fi athnatayn min khumst; huma: harakat al’iierabi, waltaerif waltankiru.kiqulih taealaa:{ min hadhih alqaryat alzaalim ‘ahliha}, walam yuetabar hal almawsuf. qawla: “mrart brjl qaymt amhu”, w”bamrat qaym ‘abuha”, kama taqula: “qaamt ‘amh”, wa”qam ‘abuha”, wa”mrart birijlin qaym ‘abwahma”, kama taqwl: “qam ‘abwahma”, wamin qal: “qama ‘abwahuma”; ‘ay: bilihaq ealamat altathaniat balfel almasanad ‘iilaa almathnaa; wahi lughat tiiy. فِي تَوٌضِيٌحِ النعت

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