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في بيانِ افعال-المدح- والذم-التعجب

بيانِ افعال

بيانِ افعال-المدح- والذم-التعجب

فَصٌل: في بَيَانِ فِعٌلا التعجب

فَصٌل: فِعٌلا التّعَجُّبِ مَاوُضِعَ لإنٌشَاءِ التَّعٌجُّبِ،ولَهُ صِيغَتَانِ مَا أَفٌعَلَهُ،نَحٌوُ:مَا أَحٌسَنَ زيداً،أَيٌ أَيٌ شَيءٍ أَحٌسَنَ زيداً ، وفِي  أَحٌسَنَ  ضَمِيرٌ (مُسٌتَتِرٌ )، وهُوَ فَاعِلُهُ . وَأَفٌعِلٌ بِهِ ، نَحٌوُ: أَحٌسِنٌ.

 

Dwonload in Arabic بَيَانِ فِعٌلا التعجب- فِي بيانِ افعال-المدح- والذم

 

fsl:- fi byan ‘afuneal almadunh waldhdhmm
 fi bayan fieunla altaeajub

بيانِ افعال-المدح- والذم-التعجب
fasunl: fieunla altteajjub mawudie l’inunsha’ alttaeunjjubi,wlah sighatan ma ‘afunealahu,nahunwu:ma ‘ahunsan zydaan,’ay ‘ay shay’ ‘ahunsan zydaan , wfi ‘ahunsan damir (musuntatir ), whu faeiluh.

wa’afuneil bih , nahunwu: ‘ahunsin bizayundin. wala yubunnayan ‘ila mimma yubunna minunh afuneal alttafundili, wyutawassal fi alunmumuntanie bimithunli: ma ‘ashad aisuntakhunriajunaan fi alunawwl w ashdud baisuntakhunrijunh fi alththany kama earafunt fi asunm altafdil . wala yajuz alttasunrrf fihima , bttaqundim ,wala alttakhiru,wla alfasunl ,walmazini ‘ajaz alfasunl bialzzarunf , nahunwu: ma ‘ahunsan alyawunm zayundaan.

wafiunh abunhathun:- aalunbahunth aunlawwlu: bayan maeani fieunla altteajjub :

alalf :-‘iielma!’an almusanaf rahimah allah taealaa limafragh ean bayan aifeal almuqaribtashrae fi bayan fielaaltaejib faqal fasl:fiela altueajub ‘ah yaeni ma wadae lanisha’ altueajib ‘aya faeal wade lanisha’ altaeajubi, li’anah fi qism al’afeali, fala yantaqid alhadu binhu: nahyk biha, walilah durha, wawaha liha,

waya lak rijla,wakalyum rujalana, wawayalimh rujulanaan, taqadam kthyrmn hadhih al’amthilat fi bab altmyz; balaa, yantaqid binhu: qatilah allah min shaeiran, wala shali easharih,’ayi eashrasabeh,wahu kuqulih lashalat yadahu, fa’iinah faeal wade lansha’ altaeajubi, walays bimahdi alduea’i, ‘iilaa ‘an yaqula: ‘iin hadhih al’afeal laysat mawdueatan liltaeajubi,bal astaemalat ldhlk baed alwade;بيانِ افعال-المدح- والذم-التعجب

wam’i,nhw:tejbt,wejbt,fhw,w’in kan fela:lys llansha’,why ghyrmtsrftlmshabhthabalansha’llhrufuhi ghyr mutasrifat, wa’aydaan, kl lafaz minha sar eilmaan limaenaa min almaeani, wa’iin kan jamlt, falqias ‘alaa ytsrf fih, aihtiataan litahsil alfhim, ka’asma’ al’aelami, falihadha, lm ytsrf fy: naem, wabis ;

b

ma, aibtida’ ‘ayi mubtada mae kawnuh nukratan eind sibwyh, wal’akhfash fi ‘ahad qawlayihi, wdhlk li’ana altaeajba, kama dhakarna, ‘iinama yakun fima yajhil sababuh, faltankir yunasib maenaa altaeajubi, fakana maenaa ma ‘ahsan zaydaan, fi alasl: shay min al’ashya’i, la ‘aerifuh jaeal zaydaan husnaan, thuma nuqil ‘iilaa ‘iinsha’ altaeajubi,wainmahaa eanh maenaa.

aljel, fajaz aistiemalih fi altaeajub min shay yastahil kawnuh bijiel jaeilin, nahu: ma ‘aqdir allih, wama ‘aelamuhu, wdhlk li’anah aiqtasar min allafz ealaa thamaratih wahi altaejib min alshiy, swa’ kan majeula walah subb, ‘aw, la, fahamizatan ‘afeal, litaediyat ma kan lazimaan bial’asalat, nhw: ma ‘ahsanuhu, ‘aw litaediyat ma sar lazimaan bialnaql ‘iilaa fael,

‘iilaa mafeul ghyr mafeuluh al’awal, wahu faeil ‘asl alfel, nahw: darab zayd eamra, fy: ma ‘adrab zaydaan lieamrw,fama mbtda,wafeal,khabraha,wafih damir rajie ‘iilaa mawhufaelih,walmansub baedah mafeuluh;

waqal al’akhfash fi alqawl alakhir: ma mwswlt, waljumlat baedaha silatiha walkhabar mahdhuf,ay: aladhi ‘ahsan zyda: mwjwd, wafih baed, li’anah hadhaf alkhabar wujubaan mae edm ma yasudu masadah, wa’aydaan lays fi hadha altaqdir maenaa al’abham alllayiq bialtaeajubi, kam’i, kan fi taqdir sybwyh, wamadhhab siubwih daeif min wajh, wahu ‘ana aistiemal (ma) nakratan ghyr mwswft: nadir, nhw: (fnema hy) , ealaa qawlin, walam tasmae mae dhlk mubtadi’atin,aalunbahunth althani:- bayan sharayit fieunl altteajbi:

alf

wala yabnian ‘iilaa mimaa yabnaa minh ‘afeal altafdil aah yaeni qudmadaa dhlk fi bab ‘afeal altafdila,wayazid ealayh faeal altaeajub bishart, wahu ‘anah la yabnaa ‘iilaa mimaa waqae fi almadi waistamara, bikhilaf altafdil fa’iinak tqwl:anaadrb mink ghada,walaytaejb ‘iilamamahasil fi almadi waistamara,hataa yastahiqu ‘an yataeajab minhu,

‘amma alhal aldhy lm yatakamal baeid, walmustaqbal aldhy lm yadkhul baed fi alwujud, walmadi aldhy lm yastamira fala tastahiqu altaeajub minha, flhdha kan ‘ashhur sayughti altaeajuba, ealaa almadi ‘aeni: ma ‘afeal .بيانِ افعال-المدح- والذم-التعجب

b

wayatawasal fi almumtanae bimithl aah yaeni balmmtne: ma la yakun thulathia, nahw: ma ‘ahsan aistikhrajah wadahrajatuhu, ‘aw kan min al’alwan waleuyub alzzahirati, nahw ma ‘ashada bayaduha, ‘aw eurah, ‘aw lm yakun tammaan nahw: ma ‘ashadu kawnuh qayimaan, ‘amaa ma lazam alnafi, kama nabs , ‘aw kan mswghaan lilmafeuli, ‘aw eadimaan limasdar mashhurin,

wa’ana altaejb:anfeal yuearid lilnfs endalshewrbamrykhfa sbbh,walhdhaqil:’iidha zahralusabib batal aleajbi,
fala yumkin altawasul bimasadiriha ‘iilaa altaeajub minha, wala ‘iilaa bayan altafdil fiha, ‘iidh la masdar munfiaaan linahw: nabsi, ‘aw mswghaan lilmafeul linahw jin,

wakadhaan la masdar linaem wabisa, waydhar wayadeu, hataa yuqie shayyanaan minha baed ma ‘ashid, wa’ashada minka, warubama aistaghanuu ean baed ma yasihu altaejub minhu, bimithl altawasul almadhkur kama lm yaqul: ma ‘uqiluhu, aistighna’ bima ‘akthar qayilatih.aalunbahunth althalithu:- bayan hukm fieunl altteajb.

alalf

wlayjwz ytsrf fihima bitaqdim wlatakhyraah yaeni lianak ‘iidha qadamat shayyana ealaa shy, faqad akhrt almuqadam ealayh ean almuqdim, yurid ‘anak la tqwl: zyda ma ahsn, wala: ma zayda ‘ahsan, wala bazid ‘ahsan, lamaa dhakarna min alwajhin
fi edm tasarufihima fi ‘anfusihima, wa’amaa alfasl bayn alfelyn, walmutaeajib minh, fa’iin lam yataealaq alfasl bihima, fala yajuz aitifaqa, lilfasl bayn almaemul waeamilih aldaeif bial’ajnabii, fala yajuz:

laqiatah fama ‘ahsan ‘ams zayda, ealaa ‘an yataealaq (ams) bilqit, wakadha ‘an tuealiq bihima wakan ghyr zurfin, nahw: ma ‘ahsan qayimanaan zaydaan, wdhlk li’anah nawe tasrif fi eilm altaeajib , wa’iin kan bayn alfiel walfadlati, wa’amaa bialzarf fmneh al’akhfash , walmabrid, wa’ajazah alfura’ waljarmi, wa’abu eali, walmazny, nhw: ma ‘ahsan bialrajl ‘an yusadiq.

walhasan alyawm bizid, wa’ajaz abn kisan tawsit alaietirad bilawla alaimtinaeiati, nahw: ma ‘ahsan, law la kalafah , zida, wayufasil bakana, wahdaha, bayn (ma) wa’afeal, wahi mazidat ealaa ma dhakarna fi bab kan;
ba:- la yajuz altaeajubu, minh taealaa, haqyqt, ‘iidh la yakhfaa ealayh shi, fafael altaejub fi aistilah alnahati, hu ma yakun ealaa sighat: ma ‘afealuhu, ‘aw: ‘afeal bih dala ealaa hadha almaenaa, walays kl faeal ‘afad hdha almaenaa, yusamaa eindahum faeal altaejb.tamal.بيانِ افعال-المدح- والذم-التعجب

 

 

 

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