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فَصٌل فِي بيانِ خروف

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بيانِ خروف وفيه اَبٌحَاثٌ:-اَلٌبَحٌثُ الٌاَوَّلُ:-بيانِ خروف المُشَبَّهَةِ بِالفِعٌلِ وَعَمَلِهَا:

 فَصٌل:الحُرُوفِ المُشَبَّهَةِ بِالفِعٌلِ سِتَّةٌ،إنَّ ،وأَنَّ ، وكَأنَّ ، ولَيٌتَ ، ولكِنَّ ، ولَعَلَّ، هَذهِ الحُرُوفُ…….

Download in Arabic خروف

byan alkhuruf almushabbahat bialfieunl waeamaliha

بيانِ خروف
fasunl:alhuruf almushabbahat bialfieunl sittatun,’inn ,w’ann , wkann , wlayunt , wlkinn , wlaealla, hadhh alhuruf : tadunkhul eala aljumunlat alasunmiati,tanunsib alasunm wtarunfae alkhabar kama earafunta, nahunwu: ‘inn zaydaan qayim , wqad yalunhaquha ma alkaffat , fatakuffuha ean aleamal , whynayidh tadunkhul eala alafuneal , taqulu: ‘innma qam zayund

alalf

‘iielm!an almusanaf rahimah allah taealaa lamaa faragh ean bayan alhuruf aljarat sharae fi bayan alhuruf almushabihat balfel faqal fasl – alhuruf almushbhtibalifael aah yaeni: ‘an hadhih al’ahraf tansab alaism watarfae alkhabar khilafaan lilkuafiayn fi qawlahum ‘iina alkhabar baq ealaa rafeh, wabaed alearab yunsub bihadhih خروفal’ahraf aljaza’ayn maeaan, wahakaa abn alsyd ‘ana dhlk lighat

b

‘amaa maeani hadhih al’ahraf fa’iina wa’ana liltawkida, walakun lilaastidraki, walaysat markabatan ealaa al’asha, wamaenaa alastidraka: rafae tawham yatawalad min alkalam alsaabiqi, rafeana shabiha bialastithna’i, wamin thama qadr alaistithna’ almunqatae balakina, fa’iidha qulata: ja’ani zaydun, faka’anah tawham ‘an eumurana ja’ak lamaa baynahuma min al’alfati,

farfaeat dhlk altawhum biqawlika: lkna eumurana lm yaji,
walayt liltamni, wayakun fi almumkin walmustahil wala yakun fi alwajiba, lela liltarji fi almahbub wal’iishfaq fi almakruhi, wala yakun ‘illa fi almumkin, wala takun liltaelil wala lilaistifhami,
wala lilshaki eind albasriiyn khilafaan liman qal bidhaluk, walaysat فَصٌل فِي بيانِ خروفmarkabat ealaa al’ashi,

j

‘iinama sumiyat alhuruf almdhkwrt: alhuruf almushabihat bialfael, bikhilaf (ma), li’anaha tushbih lays aldhy hu faeal naqisun, wahadhh tushbih alfiel alttama almutasarif almutaeadiy, wa’aydaan, ma alhajaziat, tushbih lays maenaa, la lufaza, wahadhh بيانِ خروفtushbih al’afeal almutaeadiyata, maenaa kama yaji,

walifazaan min hayth kawnuha ealaa thlatht ‘ahraf fasaeida, wa’amaa fathat ‘awakhiriha, fa’iin lam naql ‘iinaha limushabahatiha lil’afeali, bal qlna: ‘iinaha liaistithqaliha bsbb tashdid al’awakhir, walya’ fi layt, fahi jihat ‘ukhri biha tashabah almadi, fataemal eamal al’afeali, wa’iin qulna ‘iinaha limushabahat alfiel fala tashabah خروف.bsbbha al’afeali,

li’anaha takunu, ‘iidhn, bsbb almushabahat almutaqadimati, fama ‘uetiat baed almushabahat, la yakun bed jihat almushabahati,wakdhlk nun alwiqayati, ‘iina qalna: ‘iinaha lihifz fththa, faqit, kama tahfaz sukun min, waen, fahi min jihat almushabhat,

wa’iina qalna: hi li’ajal almushabahat, fala, falamaa shabahat al’afeal almutaeadiyat maenaa, litalabiha aljaz’ayn mithlaha, washabahat mutlaq al’afeal lfzaan bima dhakarna, kanat mushabihataha lil’afeal ‘aqwaa min mushabihat maalhajazit, fajaeal eamaliha ‘aqwaa, bi’ana qadam mansubiha ealaa marfueiha, wdhlk li’ana eamal alfiel altabieii ‘an yurfae thuma yanasubu, faeaksah eamal ghayr tabiei, فَصٌل فِي بيانِ خروفfahu tasrif fi aleamli,

waqila: qadam almansub ealaa almarfue qasadaan ‘iilaa alfiraq baynaha wabayn al’afeal alty hi ‘asluha min ‘awal al’amri, ‘aw tunbiha bijael eamaliha fareiaaan ealaa kawnuha furueaan lilfaeal, wahatan aleultan thabitatan fi ma alhajaziati, walam yuqadim بيانِ خروفmansubaha ealaa marfueiha, faleilat hi al’uwalaa, wamushabihatuha maenaa limatliq alfael, min hayth ‘iin: fy: ‘iin, wa’an maenaa haqaqat wa’akdat, wafi ka’ani maenaa

d

talhaquha ma fatalghaa ealaa al’afsahi, ‘iidha dakhalat ma ealaa layt jaz ‘an taemala, wa’an talaghaa, wamadhhab aljumhur ‘ana ma alkafat haraf, waqal abn drstwyh : ‘anaha nukratan mubhamatan bimunzilat damir alshaan, fatakun aismaan waljumlat baedaha khabruha, wa’iidha ‘aelamt, famma, zayidat harafiat, kama fi qawlah taealaa: {fbama rahmatan min allah lint lahum}, warawaa ‘abu alhasan wahdah fy: ‘iinama wa’anma: al’aemal wal’algha’u, wal’aemal qalil fihima lidaef maenaa alfiel fihima, li’ana altaakid aldhy hu maeanahuma:

taqwiat lilthaabit, la maenaa akhar mutajadidun, waeadam samae al’aemal fi: ka’anama, walaeulma, walikunama, waqiasuha fi al’aemal ealaa: liatama, sayigh eind alkisayiyi wa’akthar alnahati, ‘iidh la farq baynaha wabayn litma, wa’iidha sumie fy: ‘iinama mae daef maenaa alfiel fiha, fama znak bihadhih alhurufi, lkna al’algha’ ‘uwlaa bialaitifaqi, lieadam alsamae wafuwwat alaikhtisas bsbb ma;
aalunbahunth althany:- bayan aanunwae altawunkiund

waeunlam ‘ann ‘inn almakswrt alhumazat la tughayir maeunna aljumunlat bal tuakkiduha, wa’ann almafuntuhat alunhamunzat mae mabaedahamin alunasunm walkhabar , fi hukunm almufunrad , wlidhlik yajib kasunru: ‘iidha kan fi abuntida’ alkalam , nahunwu: ‘inn zaydaan qayimun. wabaeund alqawl , kaqawunlih taealia : { yaqul ‘innaha baqara }. wabaeund almawunsul nahunw : marayit فَصٌل فِي بيانِ خروفalldhy

‘innah fi alunmasajid .wa’idha kan fi khabarha allalam , nahunwu: ‘inn zaydaan lqayim . wyjib alfatunh hayunth yqae faeilaan, nahunwu: balaghani ‘ann zayundaan qayim . wahayunth yqae mafuneulaan , nahunwu: karihunt ‘annak qayim . wahayunth yqae mubuntadaan nahunwu:einundi ‘annak qayim . wahayunth yqae mudafaan ‘ilayh , nahunwu: eajibunt min tuunl ‘ann bakraan qayimun. wahayunth yqae majunruratan , nahunw ( eajibunt min ann bakraan qayimun

alalf

aelm! an ‘in maksurat alhimazat lataghir maenaa aljumlat bal twkydhaaah yaeni ‘inn, la taghayur maenaa aljamlat, ‘aya fa’iin, mawdueatan litakid maenaa aljumlat fqt, ghyr mughayrat laha, wa’ana almaftuhat mawdueat litakun bitawil masdar khabriha mudafaan ‘iilaa aismiha, fumaenaa, balaghani ‘ana zaydaan qaym: balaghani qiam zid, wakadha ‘iin kan alkhabar jamidaan, nahw بيانِ خروفbalaghani ‘anak zyd, ay

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