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بَيَانِ ظروف اَقٌسَامِ ظروف

بَيَانِ ظروف

 فَصٌل:- بَيَانِ ظروف المَبٌنِيَّةِ | اَقٌسَامِ الظُرُوفِ الٌمُبٌنِيّة

فَصٌل:الظُّرُوفِ المَبٌنِيَّةِعَلَى أَقٌسامٍ: مِنٌهَا مَاقُطِعَ عَنِ الإضافَةِ بِأَنٌ حُذِفَ المُضافُ إلَيٌهِ ، كَقَبٌلُ ، وبَعٌدُ، وفَوقُ ، و تَحٌتُ  قَالَ اللهُ تَعالى :{لِلَّهِ الأَمٌرُ مِنٌ قَبٌلُ وَمِنٌ بَعٌدُ….

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zaroof almabunniat :

بَيَانِ ظروف
(fasunl:alzzuruf almabunniatiealaa ‘aqunsamin: minunha maqutie ean al’idafat bi’an hudhif almudaf ‘ilayunh , kaqabunl , wbaeundu, wfawq , w tahunt qal allh taeala :{lillah al’amunr min qabunl wamin baeundu}, ‘aa min qabunl kull shaa’ wmin baeund kull shaa’ , hdha aidha kan almahundhuf manunwiaan lilunmutakallim w’ila kanat meunrabatan, weala hdha quri (lillh alamunr min qabunl wmin baeund ) w tusamma alghayati.

wafiunh aabunhathun:-aalunbahunth alunaawwlu:- bayan hukunm zuruf alunmubunniunti:

alalf :- aelum!an almusanaf rahimah allah taealaa lamaa faragh ean bayan alkinayat sharae fi bayan alzuruf faqala: fasla:- alzuruf ‘iilkh:- yuenaa ‘ana almasmue min alzuruf almaqtueat ean aladaft: qabl, wabueda, watahta, wafawqa, wa’amaman, waqudaamin, wawara’an, wakhalfun, wa’asfal, waduna, wa’awla, wala yuqas ealayha ma hu bamuenaha nahw yamin, washamal wakhir, waghayr dhlk,wa’iinama buniat hadhih alzuruf eind qataeaha ean almudafi ‘iilayh limushabahatiha alharaf, liaihtiajiha ‘iilaa maenaa dhlk almahdhufi,

fa’iin qulat: fhdha alaihtiaj hasil laha mae wujud almadafi ‘iilayhi, fuhlaan buniat maeah, kal’asma’ almawsulata: tabanaa mae wujud ma tahtaj ‘iilayh min silatiha ? qulta: li’ana zuhur al’idaft fiha yurajih janib aismitiha, liaikhtisasiha bial’asma’i,wa’iinama akhtaru albina’ fi hadhih alzuruf dun altaewidi, li’anaha qalilat altasarufi, ‘aw eadimatih, ealaa ma mara fi almafeul fihi, waeadam altasaruf yunasib albana’a, ‘iidh maeanahu,بَيَانِ ظروف

‘aydaan, edm altasaruf alaierabii, fubina’ hadhih alzuruf almaqtueat ean al’idaft ‘iidha kan almudaf ‘iilayh maqsudanaan lilmutakalim walam takun almahdhufat maqsudanaan lilmutakalim bal yakun nasyanaan mansianaan kanat muearibat tilk alzuruf lizual eilat albina’ hayindh nahu:rib baed kan khayrana min qubli, waealaa hdha quri lilah al’amr min qabl wamin baeid, wayajwaz, ‘aydaan, fi hadhih alzurufi, lkn ealaa qilata: ‘an yueawid altinwayn min almudafi ‘iilayh fataerib.

sumiyat hadhih alzuruf almaqtueat ean aladaft: ghayatin, li’anah kan haqiha fi al’asl ‘alaa takun ghayt, litadamunaha almaenaa alnisbiu, bal takun alghayat hi almansub ‘iilyh, falamaa hadhaf almansub ‘iilayhi, wadamanat mueanah, aistaghrab sirurtha ghayatan limukhalafat dhlk liwdeha, fasmit bdhlk alaism liaistighrabihi, walam ysm: kl, wabaeda, maqtuei al’adafat ghayatyn, lihusul aleawd ean almudaf ‘iilayh .

aalunbahunth althany:- bayan aaqunsam alzuruf alunmubunniti: 

بَيَانِ ظروف اَقٌسَامِ ظروف

alalf :- waminunhahayunth buniat tashbyhaan laha bailghayat limulazimatiha alunaidafat ‘iilaa alunjumunlatifi alunaakunthiri,qal alllh taeala: {sanasuntadunrijuhum min hayunth la yaeunlamuna},wqadunyudaf ‘iilaa almufunradikaqawunl alshshaeiri:e ammatara hayunth suhayunl talieaan *,ay mikian suhayunl fahayunth hudhabimaeunna mkan wsharuntuh an yudaf ‘iilaa aljumunlati,unahunwu:ajunlis hayunth yjalis zayundun.

‘aya mnha:hith buniat tashbihaan lahabalghayat lmlazmthaaladaftaah yaeni ‘iina zarf alzamman almudafi ‘iilaa aljamal fi al’akthar qal allah taealaa {snastudrijuhum min hayth la yaelamuna}falafaz hayth mudaf ‘iilaa jumlatan liaieilamun , ‘iinama yabni minh almufrad waljame almukasiru, ‘iidha bny,wla yubnaa minh almthna,lama dhakarna fi nhw:hdhan,wallidhan, walzuruf almudafat ‘iilaa aljamal ealaa darbayni,kmadhkrna:’imawajbat aladaft ‘iilayha,wahay:hith fi al’aghlab, wa’iidha, wa’amaa (‘idha) fafiha khilaf ealaa ma yajyuyu,

hal hi mudafat ‘iilaa shartiha ‘aw, la, wa’iimaa jayizat al’adafat, wahi ghyr hadhih althalatht, falwajibat al’idaft ‘iilayha, wajibat albina’, li’anaha mudafat fi almaenaa ‘iilaa almasdar aldhy tadamanath aljumlat kama dhakarna, wa’iin kanat fi alzzahir ‘iilaa aljamlt, fa’idafatha ‘iilayha kla ‘iidafat, fashabiht alghayat almhdhwf ma ‘udifat ‘iilayhi, falhdha buniat (hyth) ealaa aldami kalghayati, ealaa alaerif,

wa’amaa jayizat al’adafat ‘iilayha faealaa drbyn: li’anaha ‘imma ‘an tudaf ‘iilaa jumlat madiat alsidri, fyjwz, bialaitifaqi, binawuha wa’iierabiha, ‘amaa al’aerab falaedam lizum liladafat ‘iilaa aljamlat, faelat albina’, ‘iidhna, earidat, wa’amaa albina’ fltqwy aleilat biwuque almabnii aldhy la ‘iierab wala mahallaan, mawqie almudaf ‘iilayh aldhy yaktasi minh almadaf ‘ahkamahu, min altaerif ghyr dhlk, kama fi bab al’adafat,بَيَانِ ظروف

wa’iimaa ‘alaa tudaf ‘iilaa aljumlat almadhkurati, wdhlk bi’anahun tudaf ‘iilaa alfieliat alty sadaraha madarie, nahw qawlah taealaa: (hdha yawm yanfae alsaadiqin sidaqahma) , ‘aw ‘iilaa alasmit, swa’ kan sadruha muearibaan ‘aw mubnia fi allafzi, nahw: jituk yawm ‘ant ‘amirun, ‘iidh la badilh min al’aerab mahalla, faeind albsryiyn la yajuz fi mithlih ‘iilaa al’aerab fi alzarf almadaf,

lidaef eilat albana’, waeind alkwfyiyn, wbed albasriiyn, yajuz binawuh, aetbaraan bialeilat aldaeifati, wala hujat lahum fima thabat fi alsabeat min fath qawlah taealaa: (hdha yawm yanfae alsaadiqin sadaqahum), liaihtimal kawnuh zarifa, walmaenaa: hdha almadhkur fi yawm yanfaeu, wala fi qawlah taealaa: (ywm la tamlik nafs linafs shayyanaan ) ealaa qira’at alfath, liaihtimal kawnuh badalaan min qawlah qubl: (ywum aldyn)بَيَانِ ظروف

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